Where Victoria's emissions come from

The main source of Victoria’s emissions is burning fossil fuels – like coal, oil and gas – for energy and transport. In 2019, the energy sector accounted for 70% of Victoria’s emissions, transport was responsible for 25%, agriculture emitted 17%, industrial processes and product use represented 4%, and the waste sector accounted for the remaining 4% of Victoria’s emissions. Together, these sectors account for 119% of Victoria’s total net emissions.

Victoria’s forests and natural systems absorbed around 19% of Victoria’s emissions in 2019. This removal of emissions in the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry sector gives a total of 100% across all sectors – in other words, produces Victoria’s total net emissions.

Victoria's greenhouse gas emissions by sector in 2019

Victoria’s emissions come from many sources. In 2019, 70% of Victoria’s emissions come from the energy sector, transport is responsible for 25%, agriculture emitted 17%, industrial processes and product use represented 4%, and the waste sector accounted for the remaining 3%. Victoria’s forests and natural systems absorbed around 19% of Victoria’s emissions. This removal of emissions in the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry sector gives a total of 100% across all sectors – in other words, produces Victoria’s total net emissions

Tracking reductions in Victoria’s emissions

In 2019, Victoria’s emissions had fallen to 24.8% below 2005 levels.

Most of these reductions occurred in the electricity sector, with the other key contributor being increased absorption of emissions in the land sector (Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry).

In 2019, Victoria’s emissions had fallen to 24.8% below 2005 levels

Victoria’s emissions reductions and targets for emissions reductions are measured from the level of Victoria’s emissions in 2005, as required by the Climate Change Act 2017.

Greenhouse gas emissions resources

A report is published every year by the Victorian Government on Victoria’s greenhouse gas emissions, based on the most recent data available. Data on Australia’s emissions is prepared by the Commonwealth Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, in accordance with internationally agreed rules.

There is a 2-year lag between reporting periods and when the data is available for use.  The latest report, published in 2020 reflects emissions for the 2018 reporting year.  The 2019 emissions data presented above has recently been made available by the Commonwealth. The Victorian Government report containing this data will be published later in 2021.

To learn about Victoria’s emissions and how we are tracking toward net-zero emissions by 2050, check out the following resources:

Previous editions of the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report are available:

Emissions data published by the Commonwealth, including descriptions of emissions accounting methodologies:

Contact us

Contact us via email climate.change@delwp.vic.gov.au

Page last updated: 02/05/21